Number of 35-54 Year-Olds in Forced-Dues States Falling Sharply
(Article first appeared in the September 2014 National Right to Work Committee Newsletter)
Because, as a group, they already have plenty of work experience, but are still able to put in a lot of hours on the job, the 84.2 million Americans who were aged 35-54 in 2013 are commonly characterized by economists as being in their “peak earning years.”
Unfortunately for the 26 states that continue to lack Right to Work laws today, millions of their residents in this age bracket have gone missing.
Census Bureau data show that, from the late 1950’s through the late 1970’s, 58.6% of all U.S. births occurred in the states where compulsory unionism was still permitted as of 2013. But in 2013, just 54.5% of all 35-54 year-olds lived in these non-Right to Work states.
If the number of 35-54 year-olds living in forced-unionism states today were perfectly proportionate to those states’ share of births from 1959 to 1978, there would have been, as of 2013, 49.4 million residents in that age bracket, instead of the actual figure of 45.9 million
That suggests forced-unionism states’ deficit of residents in their peak earning years is roughly 3.5 million.
Americans in Their Working Years ‘Vote With Their Feet’ For Right to Work
National Right to Work Committee Vice President Greg Mourad observed:
“It’s really no mystery what’s happened to these working-age Americans. Millions have fled states where Big Labor wields the power to force employees to pay union dues, or be fired. In effect, they have ‘voted with their feet’ in favor of Right to Work laws.
“And the correlation between Right to Work laws that prohibit forced union dues and fees and net in-migration of breadwinners is very robust.”
From 2003 to 2013 alone, Mr. Mourad pointed out, the number of 35-54 year-olds nationwide fell by 700,000 as a consequence of the “baby bust” of the 1970’s:
“But nine states still managed to chalk up gains of more than 3% in their peak-earning-year population over the same period. And all nine of those states — Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Nevada, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas and Utah — have longstanding Right to Work laws.
“Meanwhile, among the 11 states suffering the steepest declines in their 35-54 year-old population since 2003 — Alaska, Maine, Michigan, Montana, New Hampshire, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia and Wisconsin — not one had a Right to Work law prior to 2013. With the exception of Michigan, all remain forced-unionism today.”
Breadwinners Favor States Where They Can Provide Better For Their Families
Since 18% of all 35-54 year-olds across the U.S. are immigrants, some readers may wonder if immigration could explain Right to Work states’ aggregate increase of 5.1% in 35-54 year-olds since 2003.
But immigration has on average had less impact on Right to Work states than on the rest of the country. According to Census Bureau data, in 2011 immigrants constituted 14.2% of the total forced-unionism state population, compared to 11.1% of the total Right to Work state population.
“The obvious and correct explanation for the Census Bureau data is that breadwinners, along with their families, are moving in droves to Right to Work states,” said Mr. Mourad.
“Working men and women find that they can provide better for their families in Right to Work states, with their generally higher real incomes and lower living costs.”
He noted that U.S. Commerce Department data, adjusted for regional differences in cost of living with an index calculated by the nonpartisan Missouri Economic Research and Information Center, show that, in 2013, nine of the 10 states with the highest per capita disposable income had Right to Work laws.
“Union bosses know full well,” he added, “that compulsory-unionism states like California, New York, and New Jersey are far more expensive than the national average, but conveniently forget about this whenever they are debating living standards in Right Work vs. non-Right to Work states.
“And what’s hardest of all for union propagandists to explain away is the fact that, when they have a choice, working-age people clearly prefer to live in Right to Work states.”